Angola is dedicated to the reconstruction of its Information and Communications Technology (ICT) infrastructure and the enhancement of its cybersecurity. The government's strategic investments aim to position Angola as a prominent hub for the southern and central regions of Africa. They are achieving this through the development of data centers, satellite infrastructure and optic fiber projects, which not only improve internal connectivity but also link the country to the rest of the continent and the world.

The liberalization of the telecommunications market has played a vital role in improving access to phones and the internet for people in Angola. Although internet usage is currently limited to 26% of the population, the country has witnessed a rapid acceleration of its digital transformation. The COVID-19 pandemic further accelerated this process as it led to increased adoption of online platforms and remote working systems, helping businesses and users sustain themselves during the pandemic.

However, a significant connectivity gap exists between urban and rural areas. While Luanda, the largest and best-connected city, enjoys better infrastructure and market conditions, other parts of the country face challenges related to affordability and availability. To bridge this gap, the government is committed to establishing more infrastructure and promoting competition in the market.

Angola has made substantial strides in the development of its telecommunications infrastructure. For instance, the SAT-3/WASC fiber optic submarine cable provides crucial connectivity to Europe and Asia. Additionally, the launch of the AngoSat 1 satellite in 2017 and the forthcoming AngoSat 2 launch by the end of 2022 are significant milestones in the country's communication capabilities. These projects are carried out in collaboration with telecommunications companies like Angola Telecom and Angola Cables.

Despite the benefits of the digital transformation, both the government and private organizations face threats from cyberattacks. Therefore, enhancing cybersecurity has been identified as a top priority. Angola has launched various projects and programs aimed at improving data utilization, replication and protection, presenting opportunities for international companies, especially from the US, to contribute to securing Angola's information and infrastructure.

Cloud computing is a crucial driver of digital transformation, enabling the promotion of retail payment systems, financial inclusion and diverse business models. However, Angola faces challenges due to a limited number of reliable data centers, slow internet speeds, expensive data and scarce fiber networks. Addressing these issues is essential in order to fully leverage the potential benefits of cloud computing.

Overall, Angola's efforts to reconstruct its ICT infrastructure and enhance cybersecurity are commendable. The country's focus on improving connectivity, cybersecurity and digital transformation paves the way for technological advancement and growth. However, addressing the challenges of affordability, digital literacy and equal access to the internet is vital to ensuring that all Angolans can participate fully in the digital revolution and benefit from the opportunities it offers. Through continued investments and collaboration with local and international companies, Angola can further solidify its position as a connected and digitally empowered nation.

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